The Republic's economy
The Republic of Tatarstan is one of the most economically developed regions of Russia. It is located in the centre of the largest industrial region of the Russian Federation, at the intersection of most important highways, connecting East and West, North and South of the country.
In 2009, the Republic was among the top 10 subjects in terms of Gross Regional Product ("GRP") out of 83 subjects in the Russian Federation.
The following table provides annual data for the GRP and industrial production of the Republic for the years indicated.
1 preliminary data
2 assuming RUR/U.S. $ exchange rate at 30.37
3 assuming RUR/U.S. $ exchange rate at 31.72
4 assuming RUR/U.S. $ exchange rate at 24.86
In 2010 Gross Regional Product of the Republic was approx. RUR 995 bn, which is represented by approx.: 44.1% - industrial sector, 13.5% - domestic trade, 10.1% - construction, 8.0% - transport and communications, 5.1% - agriculture, 19.2% - other.
Major Sectors of Economy
The economy of the Republic of Tatarstan is based on industry and agriculture.
The Republic's industrial production in 2010 represented approx. 4 per cent. of total industrial production of the Russian Federation. Industrial sectors traditionally make the biggest contribution to the Gross Regional Product (approx. 44.1% by 2010 results). Following the results of 2010, the volume of industrial production generated RUR 1,044 bn and increased by 20% in comparison with 2009.
Key industrial sectors in the region include fuel and petrochemicals (oil extraction, production of synthetic rubber, tyres, polyethylene and a wide range of oil products); heavy machine building (production of helicopters, airplanes, aircraft engines, heavy trucks, passenger cars, compressors and oil-and gas-pumping equipment) and electrical-and radio-instrument production. The industrial sector contributed the most to the GRP (44.1%) in 2010.
Fuel and petrochemical industries determine the Republic's profile. It is the production of crude oil, synthetic rubber, tyres, polyethylene and wide range of petrochemicals processing; there are large mechanical engineering enterprises that produce helicopters, aircrafts and engines for them, heavy trucks and small cars, compressors and oil-gas pumping equipment; hi-tech electric and radio devices. The Republic is the third-largest oil producer (2009) in Russia (after Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous areas) and produces approximately 32.4 mln tonnes of oil per year, representing approx. 6.4 per cent. of total oil production in Russia (2010). The Republic currently produces 43.1 thousand trucks (approx. 28.1 per cent of Russian domestic production); 11.5 thousand cars (approx. 1 per cent. of Russian domestic production); 508.9 thousand tons of synthetic rubber (approx. 37 per cent. of Russian domestic production); 762.4 thousand tons of polyethylene (approx. 50 per cent. of Russian domestic production) and 11.1 million tyres (30.4 per cent. of Russian domestic production). Oil extracting, petrochemistry and oil refining, aircraft, automotive, mechanical and instrument engineering, military-industrial complex should become leaders in generation and implementation of high technologies.
Agriculture is most important and has governmental support. In 2010 the agricultural sector contributed approx. 5.1 per cent. of the Republic's GRP. In March 2011 employment in agricultural sector was approx. 3.1 per cent. of the Republic's working population. The Republic has 6.8 million hectares, of which 4.6 million hectares are agricultural lands. Approximately 3.4 million hectares are arable land. The Republic's agricultural sector satisfies the basic needs of the population in terms of food supplies. The Republic was one of the top five regions of Russia in the production of milk and meat in 2010. In 2010 the Republic harvested over 661 thousand tons of grain crops. The Republic produces approx. 1.1 per cent. of Russia’s total grain crop. The total agricultural output of all producers (agricultural enterprises, individuals and farmers) in the Republic in 2010 was RUR 99 bn, representing decline of 15 per cent. compared with 2009. Agriculture in the Republic is diversified. Plant cultivation is represented by grain, potato, vegetable, sugar and beet production as well as seed farming and associations for grain, perennial herbs, potato, sugar beet and mangel.
In 2010 average wages for an employee in the Republic of Tatarstan were approx. 17,349 rubles. It is approximately 14% increase comparing with the year 2009.